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    考研英语(一):10年第4篇阅读理解真题学习笔记(3)

    2021-01-05 考研资料 34 ℃ 0 评论
    原文标题:考研英语(一):10年第4篇阅读理解真题学习笔记(3)
    本文摘要:1. Charlie McCreevy , a European commissioner , warned the IASB that it did “ not live in a political vacuum ” but “ in... ...
    本文关键词:考研英语阅读资料,文都考研夏伟资料大连理工大学考研材料力资料
    正文:


    1. Charlie McCreevy , a European commissioner , warned the IASB that it did “ not live in a political vacuum ” but “ in the real world ” and that Europe could yet develop different rules .

    结构:


  • Charlie McCreevy [主]
  • , a European commissioner ,
  • Warned [谓] the IASB [宾]
  • 宾语从句:that it [主] did [谓] “ not live in a political vacuum ” but “ in the real world ”[宾]
  • 宾语从句:and that Europe [主] could yet develop [谓] different rules [宾]
  • 单词:


    commissioner n.委员 理事 总裁


    Commission n.委员会 任命 服务费 vt.委托 任命


    Vacuum n.真空


    词组:


    Not...but... 不是...而是


    解析:


  • Warned后面是双宾语,即warned sb sth,其中sth是从句
  • that引导宾语从句,做warned的宾语
  • 两个that并列共同做warned的宾语
  • Yet表示某事有发生的可能性
  • 直译:一个欧洲委员查理提醒国际会计准则委员会“不是活在政治真空中”而是“在现实世界里”,而且欧洲可能会发展出不同的规则


    译文:欧洲委员会委员查理麦克利警告国际会计准则委员会,它不是处于“政治真空中”,而是“现实世界中”,并表示欧洲可能会制定出不同的会计准则


    重点:


  • Warned后面是双宾语,即warned sb sth,其中sth是从句
  • that引导宾语从句,做warned的宾语
  • 两个that并列共同做warned的宾语
  • Yet表示某事有发生的可能性

  • 2. It was banks that were on the wrong planet , with accounts that vastly overvalued assets .

    结构:


  • It was banks [主] that were [谓] on the wrong planet , with accounts
  • 定语从句that [主] vastly overvalued [谓] assets [宾]
  • 单词:


    Vastly ad.极其 非常 极大地


    Overvalue vt.对...过高估价


    解析:


  • It was ... that 强调句,强调banks
  • That 引导定语从句修饰accounts,在句子中做主语
  • 直译:银行在错误的立场,账目极大地高估了资产


    译文:是银行不切实际,他们的账目高估了资产


    重点:


  • It was ... that 强调句,强调banks
  • That 引导定语从句修饰accounts,在句子中做主语

  • 3. Today they argue that market prices overstate losses , because they largely reflect the temporary illiquidity of markets , not the likely extent of bad debts .

    结构:


  • Today they [主] argue [谓]
  • 宾语从句:that market prices [主] overstate [谓] losses [宾] ,
  • 原因状语从句:because they [主] largely reflect [谓] the temporary illiquidity of markets , not the likely extent of bad debts [宾]
  • 单词:


    overstate vt.夸大


    temporary vt.暂时的 临时的


    extent n.程度 范围 长度


    debt n.债务 负债


    词组:


    Bad debt 坏账


    解析:


  • that引导宾语从句做argue的宾语
  • Because引导原因状语从句
  • 直译:今天,银行认为市场价格夸大了损失,因为他们总体上反映了市场临时的非流动性,而不是成为坏账的可能程度


    译文:今天,银行认为市场价格夸大了损失,因为价格大部分反映了市场临时的非流动性,而不是坏账可能的程度


    重点:


  • that引导宾语从句做argue的宾语
  • Because引导原因状语从句

  • 4. The truth will not be known for years . But banks’ shares trade below their book value , suggesting that investors are skeptical .

    结构:


  • The truth [主] will not be known [谓(被动)] for years .
  • But banks‘ shares trade [主] below [谓] their book value [宾] ,
  • 非谓语动词引导宾语从句:suggesting that investors [主] are [系] skeptical [表]
  • 单词:


  • Skeptical a.怀疑的 不可知论的 怀疑论的
  • 词组:


    Book value 账面价值


    解析:


  • Suggesting是非谓语动词,引导一个宾语从句
  • 直译:几年内,人们将不会知道这个真相。但是,银行股票交易价格低于它的账面价值,这说明投资人产生了怀疑


    译文:几年后方可得知真相,但是银行的股票交易价低于账面价值,这表明投资者心存怀疑


    重点:


  • Book value 账面价值
  • Suggesting是非谓语动词,引导一个宾语从句

  • 5. And dead markets partly reflect the paralysis of banks which will not sell assets for fear of booking losses , yet are reluctant to buy all those supposed bargains .

    结构:


  • And dead markets [主] partly reflect [谓] the paralysis of banks [宾]
  • 定语从句:which [主] will not sell [谓] assets for fear of booking losses [宾] ,
  • yet are [系] reluctant to buy all those supposed bargains [表]
  • 单词:


    Paralysis n.麻痹 瘫痪


    Reluctant a.不情愿的 不愿意的 勉强的 顽固的


    bargain n.物美价廉的商品 协议 谈判 vi.谈判


    Commodity n.商品 货物 日用品


    解析:


  • which引导定语从句修饰banks,在句子中做主语
  • Yet are reluctant 和will not 并列共同使用连接词which
  • 直译:衰败的市场部分反映了银行的麻木性,他们即不会因为害怕账面损失而卖掉资产,也不愿意去购买那些被认为物美价廉的资产


    译文:死气沉沉的市场在一定程度上反映了银行的麻痹,由于害怕账面损失,银行既不愿意出售资产,也不愿意购买那些所谓的廉价资产


    重点:


  • bargain n.物美价廉的商品 协议 谈判 vi.谈判
  • which引导定语从句修饰banks,在句子中做主语
  • Yet are reluctant 和will not 并列共同使用连接词which
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