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    网站首页 考研辅导 考研资料 正文

    考研英语阅读必备260个短语

    2021-01-05 考研资料 27 ℃ 0 评论
    原文标题:考研英语阅读必备260个短语
    本文摘要:1.abide by (=be faithful to; obey)忠于;遵守。2.be absent from. .缺席,不在3.absence or mind (=being absent-minded)心不在焉4.absorb (=t... ...
    本文关键词:考研英语阅读资料,西安交大907电路考研资料农学考研资料大全
    正文:

    1.abide by (=be faithful to; obey)忠于;遵守。


    2.be absent from. .缺席,不在


    3.absence or mind (=being absent-minded)心不在焉


    4.absorb (=take up the attention of)吸引..的注意力(被动语态): be absorbed in全神贯注于..近: beengrossed in; be lost in; be rapt in; be concentrated on; be focused on; be centered on


    5.(be) abundant in (be rich in; be well supplied with)富于,富有


    6.access (to) (不可数名词)能接近,进入,了解


    7.by accident (=by chance,accidentally)偶然地,意外, Without accident (=safely)安全地,


    8.of one's own accord (=without being asked; willingly; freely)自愿地,主动地


    9.in accord with与...一致. out of one's accord with同....不一致


    10.with one accord (=with everybody agreeing)一致地


    11.in accordance with (=in agreement with)依照,根据


    12.on one's own account


    1)为了某人的缘故,为了某人自己的利益


    2)(=at one's own risk)自行负责


    3)(=by oneself)依靠自己on account赊账;on account of因为; on no account不论什么原因也不; of-. account有.-..重要性.


    13.take .. into account (=consider)把... 考虑进去


    14.give sb. an account of说明,解释(理由


    15.account for (=give an explanation or reason for)解释,说明.


    16.on account of (=because of)由于,因为.


    17.on no account (=in no case, for no reason)绝不要无论如何不要(放句首时句子要倒装)


    18.accuse.. of.. (=charge .. with; blame sb. for sth.; blame sth. on sb.;complain about)指控控告


    19.be accustomed to (=be in the habit of, be used to)习惯于.


    20.be acquainted with (=to have knowledge of)了解; (=to have met


    socially)熟悉


    21.act on奉行,按照..行动; act as扮演;act for代理


    22.adapt oneself to (=adjust oneself to) 使自己适应于


    23.adapt-. (for) (=make sth. Suitable foranewneed)改编,改写(以适应新的需要)


    24.in addition (=besides)此外,又,加之


    25.in addition to (=as well as, besides,other than)除....外


    26.adhere to (=abide by, conform to,comply with, cling to, insist on, persist in, observe,opinion, belief)粘附;坚持,遵循


    27.adjacent (=next to, close to)毗邻的,临近的


    28.adjust...(to) (=change slightly)调节;适应


    29.admit of (=be capable of, leave room for) .. 的可能,留有... 的余地


    30.in advance (before in time)预告,事先


    31.to advantage有利的,使优点更加突出地.


    32.have an advantage over胜过.


    have the advantage of由于..处于有利条件


    have the advantageof sb.知道某人所不知道的事


    33.take advantage of (=make the best of, utilize, make use of, profit from,harness)利用.


    34.agree with赞同(某人意见) agree to同意


    35.in agreement (with)同意,一致


    36.ahead of在……之前,超过......;ahead of time提前.


    37.in the air 1)不肯定,不具体.2)在谣传中


    38.above all (=especially, most important of all)尤其是,最重要的.


    39.in all (=counting everyone or everything, altogether)总共,总计


    40.after all毕竟,到底; (not) at all一点也不; all at once (=suddenly)突然; once and for all只此一次;above all最重要的; first of all首先; all in all大体.上说; be all in累极了; all but几乎.


    41.allow for (=take into consideration,take into account)考虑到,估计到.


    42.amount to (=to be equal to)总计,等于


    43.answer for (undertake responsibility for, be liable for, take charge for)对...负责.


    44.answer to (=conform to)适合,符合.


    45.be anxious about为...焦急不安;或 anxious for


    46.apologize to sb. for sth.为..向...道歉


    47.appeal to sb. for sth.为某事向某人呼吁.


    appeal to sb.对某人有吸引力


    48.apply to sb. for sth.为-向.申请;apply for申请; apply to适用.


    49.apply to与..有关;适用


    50.approve of (=consent to, be in favor of, favor, agree to, consider good,right)赞成approve vt.批准


    51.arise from (=be caused by)由...引起.


    52.arrange for sb./sth. to do sth.安排...


    53.arrive on到达; arrive at到达某地(小地方);得出,作出; arrive in到达某地(大地方);


    54.be ashamed of (=feel shame, guilt or sorrow because of sth. done)以...为羞耻


    55.assure sb. of sth. (=try to cause to believe or trust in sth.)向..保证,使.确信.


    56.attach (to) (=to fix, fasten; join)缚,系,结


    57.make an attempt at doing sth. (to do sth.)试图做..


    58.attend to (=give one's attention,care and thought)注意,照顾; attend on(upon)(=wait upon,serve, look after)侍候,照料


    59.attitude to/ toward .对..的态度看法


    60.attribute .... (=to believe sth. to be the result of- )把. .归因..,认为...的结果


    61. .on the average (=on average, on an average)平均


    62.(be) aware of (=be conscious of,havingknowledge or consciousness)意识到,知道.


    63.at the back of (=behind)在.后面


    64.in the back of在...后部(里面); on the back of在..后部(外面); be on one's


    back (=be ill in bed)卧病不起.


    65.at one's back (=supporting or favoring sb.)支持维护; have sb. at one's back有... 支持,有-作后台


    66.turn one's back on sb. (=turn away from sb. in an impolite way)不理睬(某人),背弃,抛弃


    67.behind one's back背着某人(说坏话)


    68.be based on / upon基于


    69.on the basis of根据- ,在...基础上


    70.beat--at在..运动项目上打赢


    71.begin with以..开始. to begin with(=first of all)首先第一-(经常用于开始语)


    72.on behalf of (=as the representative of)以一名义


    73.believe in (=have faith or trust in;consider sth./sb. to be true)相信,依赖,信仰


    74. benefit (from)受益得到好处.


    75.for the benefit of为了.. 的利益(好处)


    76.for the better好转


    77.get the better of (=defeat sb.)打败,胜过.


    78.by birth在出生.上,论出身,按血统;at birth在出生时; give birth to出生


    79.blame sb. for sth.因..责备某人.blame sth. on sb.把.-.推在某人身上


    80.in blossom开花(指树木) be in blossom开花(强调状态) come into


    blossom开花(强调动作)


    81.on board到船上,在船上,上火车或飞机


    82.boast of (or about)吹嘘


    83.out of breath喘不过气来


    84.in brief (=in as few words a possible)简言之


    85.in bulk成批地,不散装的


    86.take the floor起立发言


    87.on business出差办事.


    88.be busy with sth.于某事。be busy doing sth.忙于做某事


    89.last but one倒数第: - .


    90.but for (=without)要不是表示假设


    91.buy sth. for- money用多少钱买


    92.be capable of能够,有能力be capable of being +过去分词:是能够被..的


    93.in any case (=for love or money, at any rate, at any price, at any cost,


    whatever happens;anyhow)无论如何


    94.in case (=for fear that)万一;


    95.in case of (=in the event of)如果发生..万一in the case of至于-就一而言


    96.in no case在任何情况下都不(放句首倒装句)


    97.be cautious of 谨防


    98.center one's attention on (=focusone's attention on)把某人的注意力集中在...上


    99.be certain of (=be sure of)有把握,一定.


    100.for certain of (=for sure)肯定地,有把握


    101.by chance (=accidentally, by accident)偶然


    102.for a change换换环境(花样等)


    103.charge sb. with .. 控告某人犯有”


    104.in charge of (=responsible for)负责(某事) in the charge of...由...管


    105.take charge of (=to be or become responsible for)负责管理(照顾)


    106.charge .. for因...索取(费用), charge sb. with sth.控告某人犯有...


    107.round the clock (=all day and all night, usually without stopping)昼夜不停地


    108.comment on评论


    109.commit oneself to使自己承担. commit sb. to prison把某人送进监狱;


    commit one's idea towriting把某人的想法写下来;


    commit a matter to a committee把某事交给委员会讨论


    110.in common (和--. )有共同之处,共用.


    be common to sb.是与某人所共有的


    111.keep company with (=be friendly and go out together)和..要好.


    112.compare "with .. 把..与一比较


    113.compare...to...把...比作...


    114.by comparison比较起来


    115.in comparison with (=in contrast to)和..比起来


    116.compensate for (=give sth. to make up for)补偿赔偿弥补compensate


    sb. for sth.赔偿,弥补


    117.complain of (or about)抱怨;诉苦;控告; complain about抱怨某人或事情;


    complain to sb.about sth. (or sb.)向某人抱怨"; complain (抱怨); complement (补充); compliment (恭维)


    118.comply with (=act in accordance with a demand, order, rule etc. )遵守,依从


    119.conceive of (think of, imagine,consider)想象,设想


    120. concentrate on (or upon)集中,专心


    121.be concerned with (=about)与...有关


    122.concern oneself about 1 with关心


    123.in conclusion (=as the last thing)最后一点; at the conclusion of当... 结束时;


    124.condemn sb. to判决


    125.on condition that (=if)以..为条件,假如. in that = because因为; now that =since既然;for allthat = although尽管


    126.in / out of condition (=thoroughly healthy or fit 1 not fit)健康状况好/不好. in good (bad)condition处于良好(坏)状态


    127.confess (to)(=admit a fault, crime,or sth. wrong)承认,供认; confess to a crime承认罪行.


    128.confide in (=to talk freely to sb. about one's secret)对...讲真心话,依赖


    129.in confidence推心置腹地; with confidence满怀信心地; have confidence in对.有信心


    130.confidence in sb. / sth.对..的信赖


    131.be confident of 有信心; confidential 机密的


    132.confine...to... 把...限制在某范围内


    133.conform sb. in使某人更坚定(信念等)


    134.conform to (=be in agreementwith, comply with)符合遵照,遵守;1)


    obey服从; 2) observe; 3) comply with照.办; 4) keep to遵循; 5) abide by服从;6)stick to按..做


    135. be confronted with (=be brought face to face with)面对,面临136.congratulate sb. on祝贺


    137 .in connection with (=with regard to)关于,


    138.be conscious of (=be aware of觉察知道


    139.consent to (=give agreement to permission)同意


    140.in consequence (=as a result)结果


    141.in consequence of (=as aconsequence of)由于..的结果


    142.under consideration在考虑中


    143.in consideration of (=in return for,on account of, because of)由于


    144.on no consideration (in no case)无论如何也不


    145.take -.into consideration (=takeaccount of, take ... into account)考虑到,把...考虑进去


    146.considerate (=thoughtful of the needs)体贴的,考虑他人需要的,considerable相当大的,值得考虑的


    147 .consist of (=be composed of)由.组成的. consist in主要在于. consist with 符合,与一一致


    148. be consistent with (=be in agreement with)与...一致. be consistent


    in 一贯的,


    149.consult sb. on/ about sth.向...征求...方面的意见,就...向....请教


    150.to one's heart's content尽情地,痛痛快快


    151.be content with (=be satisfied with)满足于be content to do sth.愿意做某事


    152. contrary to (=in opposition to)与...相反


    153.on the contrary相反


    154.contrast .with把...与..相对(对照)


    155.in contrast to/with和-.形成对比;by contrast对比之下


    156.contribute to有助于


    157.under control (被)控制住out of control无法控制


    158.at one's convenience (=where andwhen it suits one)在方便的时间或地点。be convenient to/ for对...方便


    159.convince sb. of (=cause sb. tobelieve or feel certain; to persuade


    sb.)使某人确信,try topersuade sb. to do sth.劝说某人做...


    160.cope with (=deal with, try to find a solution to)应付,处理


    162.correspond (with) (=exchange lettersregularly)通信


    163.correspond to相当于. correspond with符合,一致


    164. at all costs不惜任何代价. at the cost of以...为代价


    165.a matter of course理所当然的事


    166.as a matter of course当然地,自然地


    167.in (during) the course在...过程中


    168.in due course (=without too much delay)没经过太久,到一-定时候


    169.on credit赊购; with credit以优异成绩 ; to one's credit使某 人感到光荣; do sb.credit使..感到光荣


    170.be critical of爱挑毛病的,批评的


    171 cure sb. of+某种疾病治好某人的疾病


    172.a danger to对..的危险; be in danger (of)处于..危险中; be out of danger脱离危险


    173.to date (=so far, until now)到目前为上


    174.out of date过时的;up to date新式的, 时兴的; date back to可追溯到; date from从某时期开始(有)


    175.deal with (=concern)论及


    176.be in debt to sb.欠..的债


    177 on the decline在衰退中,在减少中;in decline'下降; on the increase在增加


    178.to one's delight令某人感到高兴;to one's regret遗憾; sorrow悲痛; relief安心 ; distress苦恼;shame羞愧; surprise惊奇;astonishment惊奇;


    179.delight in (=take great pleasure in doing sth.)喜欢取乐


    180.take (a) delight in喜欢干...,以-为乐


    181.demand sth. of sb.向某人要求(非物质的)东西. demand sth. from sb.向某人要求(物质的)东西


    182.in demand有需求; on demand受到要求时


    183.be dependent on依靠


    184.deprive sb. of sth.剥夺某人某物


    185.derive .... from (=obtain... from)从..取得,由..来的. derive from (=come from)起源于


    186.despair of (=lose all hope of)绝望


    187.in despair绝望


    188.despite (=in spite of)不管,尽管


    189.in detail详细地


    190.deviate from偏离,不按..办


    191.on a diet吃某种特殊饮食,节食


    192.differ from--in与..的区别在于..


    193.in difficulties ..有困难,处境困难,


    194 discharge sb. (from)--for(=dismiss sb. from a job for)因..解雇,开



    195.fall back (=retreat, turn back)撤退;in disorder慌乱地,狼狈不堪


    196.on display (=being shown publicly)陈列


    197.dispose of (=get rid of, throw away)处理掉


    198.beyond dispute不容争议的,无可争议


    199.in dispute在争议中


    200.in the distance在远处. make out辩认出


    201. (be) distinct from (= be different from)与...截然不同


    202.distinguish between (=make or recognizedifferences)辨别


    203.distinguish.. from把.与...区别开


    204.do away with (=get rid of; abolish;discard eliminate)除去,废除取消; do away with (=kill)杀掉,镇压


    205.have-to do with与.有关系


    206.without doubt (=undoubtedly)无可置疑地


    207.in doubt (=in a condition of uncertainty)对...表示疑惑


    208.be due to是由于


    209.come off duty下班


    210.go on duty上班


    211. be on duty值班,值日,在上班时


    212.be in duty bound to (do) (=be required by one's job or esp. by


    conscience)有义务(做)


    213.be eager for想得到,盼望


    214.by ear (=play music from memory without having seen it printed)凭记忆,不看乐谱


    215.have an ear for (=have keen recognition of sounds esp. in music


    and language)对..有鉴赏力


    216.a word in one's ear私房话,秘密话


    217.on earth究竟,到底,全然


    218.with ease (= easily)容易,不费力


    219.at (one's) ease (= without worry or nervousness)自在不拘束


    220.put sb. at his 1/ her ease (=free sb.from worry or nervousness)使某人感到无拘束


    221. economize on (=save sth. instead of being wasteful)节省


    222.have an effect on对--.有影响


    223.be in effect (=be in operation)有效


    224.go into effect生效. (近: come into effect; take effect; be brought into


    effect)


    225.in effect (=in fact, really)实际上


    226.give effect to (=carry out)实行,使...生效


    227.to no effect不起作用,没有取得任何效


    228.(be) of no effect (=useless)无效


    229.to the effect that大意是...,主要内容是...


    230.to that effect是那个意思的...


    231.emerge from (=appear, become known)出现,暴露(问题.意见等)


    232.place (or put, lay) an emphasis on强调,把重点放在一上


    233.encourage sb. in鼓励; encouragesb. in his/her work鼓励某人工作;


    encourage sb. inhis/her idleness怂恿某人游手好闲


    234.encourage sb. in with sth.用...鼓励某人做某事


    235.on end (=continuously )连续地


    236.(be) at an end (=finished)结束了


    237.no end of (=very many/much)很多,大量


    238.in the end (=finally, eventually)最终


    239.at one's wit's end (=not knowing what to do or to say)无法可想,智穷计尽


    240.end up with以..而结束


    241. .come to and end (=finish)结束


    242.end in以..为结束


    243.engage in或be engaged in忙于,从事


    244 enter for (=put the name on a list for)报名参加


    245.enter into (=begin)开始(谈话,谈判等


    246.enter on/ upon (=begin)开始(-一个时代.一种生涯. 一段任期等)


    247.be entitled to (=be given the right to do sth.)有权..,有资格..


    248.be equal to等于


    249.be/ feel equal to (=have enough strength, ability etc.) (某人)能胜任能应付on equal terms(=on and equal footing)平等地


    250.be equipped with装备有,装有


    251.(be) equivalent to (=equal in value, amount, meaning)相等于,相当于


    252.in essence (=in its/one's nature)本质上


    253.at all events (=in spite of everything, in any case)不论怎样,无论如


    254.in any event (=whatever happens in the future)无论如何,不管(将来)怎么样


    255.in the event that (=if)假如,如果. in the event结果,实际情况是(常与but连用)


    256.in the event of (=in case of)万一,即使发生..时


    257.except除..以外; besides除..以外还有..


    258.except (=but)除了。


    259.except for (=apart from)除..以外


    260.(an) exception to .的例外​​​​


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