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    人教版:初中英语八年级(上下册)重点短语和总结

    2021-01-05 英语八级 31 ℃ 0 评论
    原文标题:人教版:初中英语八年级(上下册)重点短语和总结
    本文摘要:八年级全册重点短语和句型人教八年级上册Unit 1❋ Section A ❋go on vacation 去度假go shopping 购物go out 外出(娱乐)buy sth. for sb.(= buy sb. sth.) 给某人买... ...
    本文关键词:英语八级短语,过英语八级上班族可以考英语八级吗
    正文:






    八年级全册重点短语和句型


    人教八年级上册




    Unit 1


    ❋ Section A ❋


    go on vacation 去度假


    go shopping 购物
    go out 外出(娱乐)


    buy sth. for sb.(= buy sb. sth.) 给某人买某物


    go to summer camp 去夏令营


    go to the beach 去海滩


    go to the mountains 去爬山


    keep a diary 记日记


    long time no see 好久不见


    most of the time 大多数时间


    study for tests 备考


    feed hens 喂母鸡


    quite a few 相当多;不少


    visit museums 参观博物馆


    visit my uncle 拜访我叔叔


    stay at home 待在家


    taste good 尝起来不错


    in the countryside 在乡下


    Bye for now!再见了!


    ❋ Section B ❋


    along the way 沿途


    another two hours(= two more hours) 另外两个小时


    because of 因为


    the next day 第二天


    feel like 给……的感觉;感受到


    find out 查明;弄清


    come up 升起


    in the past 在过去


    take photos 照相


    too many people太多的人


    try doing sth. 试着做某事


    walk around 四处走走


    arrive in(= get to) 到达


    walk up to the top 走到顶部


    rain hard 雨下得很大


    bring back 带回来


    jump up and down in excitement 兴奋地跳来跳去


    learn something important 学一些重要的东西


    have a fun time 过得很愉快;玩得非常开心


    in the shopping center 在购物中心


    keep doing sth. 继续做某事


    Unit 2


    ❋ Section A ❋


    on weekends 在周末


    twice / three times a week 一周两 / 三次


    stay up late 熬夜
    swing dance 摇摆舞


    How come? 怎么会呢?


    go to the movies 去看电影


    hardly ever 几乎从不


    junk food 垃圾食品


    help with housework 帮忙做家务


    go shopping 去购物


    use the Internet 使用互联网


    read English books 阅读英文书籍


    favorite program 最喜欢的节目


    have piano lessons 上钢琴课


    drink milk 喝牛奶


    go to bed 上床睡觉


    eat a healthy breakfast 吃健康的早餐


    ❋ Section B ❋


    in the free time 在空闲时间


    ask sb. about sth. 询问某人关于某事


    at least 至少;不少于;起码


    be good for health 对健康有好处


    draw pictures 画画


    go online 上网


    go camping 去野营


    less than 少于


    go to the dentist 看牙医


    play computer games 玩电脑游戏


    play sports 做运动


    more than 多于


    such as 例如;像……这样


    ... percent of the students 百分之……的学生


    the answer to the question 问题的答案


    want sb. to do sth. 想让某人做某事


    Old habits die hard. 旧习难改。


    Unit 3


    ❋ Section A ❋


    play the drums 敲鼓


    the singing competition 歌咏比赛


    the most important thing 最重要的事情


    learn something new 学一些新东西


    have fun 玩得开心;过得愉快


    work hard 努力工作 / 学习


    ❋ Section B ❋


    be talented in 在……方面有天赋


    the same as 和……相同;与……一致


    be good at ... 擅长……


    care about 关心;在意


    make sb. laugh 逗某人笑


    make friends 交朋友


    as long as 只要;既然


    be different from 与……不同;与……有差异


    bring out 使显现;使表现出


    in fact 确切地说;事实上;实际上


    break one’s arm 摔断胳膊


    get good grades 取得好成绩


    be similar to 与……相像的、类似的


    be good with 善于应付……的;对……有办法


    primary school 小学


    A good friend is like a mirror. 好朋友就像一面镜子。


    Friends are like books. 朋友就像书籍一样。


    A true friend reaches for your hand and touches your heart.


    一个真正的朋友是在需要时给你帮助,使你感动。


    Unit 4


    ❋ Section A ❋


    comfortable seats 舒适的座位


    big screens 大屏幕


    close to home 离家近


    buy tickets quickly 买票快


    in town 在城里


    so far 到目前为止;迄今为止


    thanks for ... 为……感谢


    no problem 不用谢;不客气;没问题


    the shortest waiting time 等待时间最短


    welcome to ... 欢迎来到……


    ❋ Section B ❋


    be good at擅长于……


    watch sb. do sth. 看见某人做某事


    around the world 全世界


    have ... in common 有相同特征;(想法、兴趣等方面)相同


    look for 寻找
    and so on 等等


    be up to 是……的职责;由……决定


    play a role 发挥作用;有影响


    make up 编造(故事、谎言等)


    for example 例如


    in fact 确切地说;事实上;实际上


    take ... seriously 认真对待……


    all kinds of 各种类型的;各种各样的


    make one’s dream come true 实现某人的愿望或梦想


    a big plate of dumplings 一大盘饺子


    take walks 散步


    Unit 5


    ❋ Section A ❋


    soap opera 肥皂剧


    talent show 才艺秀


    talk show 脱口秀


    find out 查明;弄清


    game show 竞赛节目


    sports show 体育节目


    soccer game 足球比赛


    learn ... from ... 从……学习……


    around the world 全世界


    have a discussion about ... 就……进行讨论


    in class 在课堂上


    ❋ Section B ❋


    action movie 动作影片


    come out 出版


    scary movie 恐怖电影


    such as 例如


    think of 想到;想起


    be like 像


    cartoon with sound and music 带有配音和音乐的卡通片


    in the 1930s 在20世纪30年代


    one of the main reasons 主要原因之一


    face any danger 面对任何危险


    be ready to 准备好(做某事);愿意(做某事)


    try one’s best 尽力


    a symbol of ... ……的标志


    as famous as ... 像……一样著名


    dress up 装扮;乔装打扮


    take sb.’s place 代替;替换


    fight in the army 从军打仗


    play sb.’s role 扮演某人的角色


    do a good job 干得好


    Unit 6


    ❋ Section A ❋


    computer programmer 编程人员


    study computer science 学习计算机科学


    bus driver 公共汽车司机


    grow up 长大;成熟;成长


    make sure 确保;查明


    take acting / singing lessons 上表演 / 声乐课


    practice basketball 练习打篮球


    keep on doing sth. 继续做某事


    try one’s best 尽某人最大的努力


    be sure about 确信;对……有把握


    go to a cooking school 去烹饪学校上学


    finish high school 中学毕业


    ❋ Section B ❋


    at the beginning of 在……开始


    be able to do sth. 能够做某事


    for this reason 由于这个原因


    go to college / university 上大学


    have to do with 关于;与……有关系


    make resolutions 下决心


    different kinds of 不同种类的


    make promises to sb. 向某人许下诺言


    sounds like 听起来像


    the start of the year 一年的开始


    physical health 身体健康


    make the soccer team 成为足球队的一员


    improve our lives 改善我们的生活


    take up a hobby 培养一种兴趣爱好


    write down 写下;记录下


    have ... in common 有相同特征;(想法、兴趣等方面)相同


    too ... to ... 太……而不能……


    Unit 7


    ❋ Section A ❋


    live to be ... years old 活到……岁


    in danger 处于危险之中


    play a part in doing sth. 参与做某事;在做某事中发挥作用


    on the earth 在地球上


    fresh water 淡水


    save the earth 拯救地球


    world peace 世界和平


    the same as ... 与……一样


    move to 搬(家);搬迁


    in the sea 在海里


    ❋ Section B ❋


    help with the housework 帮忙做家务


    over and over again 多次;反复地


    try to do sth. 设法做某事


    wake up 醒来


    look like看起来像


    space station 太空站;宇宙空间站


    be able to do sth. 能够做某事


    disagree with 不同意;不赞成


    hundreds of 许多;大量


    fall down 突然倒下;跌倒;倒塌


    look for 寻找;寻求


    in the future 在将来


    fly up into the sky 飞向天空


    Unit 8


    ❋ Section A ❋


    turn on 打开
    cut up 切碎


    pour ... into ... 把……倒进……


    peel the bananas 剥香蕉皮


    drink the milk shake 喝奶昔


    one cup of yogurt 一杯酸奶


    put ... into ... 把……放进……


    after that 那之后
    plant a tree 种树


    another ten minutes (= ten more minutes) 另外十分钟


    add ... to ... 把……加到……上 / 里


    one more thing 还有一件事


    forget to do sth. 忘记要做某事


    make popcorn 做爆米花
    half a cup 半杯


    dig a hole 挖洞
    wash clothes 洗衣服


    take out a book from the library 从图书馆借书


    ❋ Section B ❋


    a piece of bread 一片面包


    traditional food 传统食物


    on special holidays 在特别的节日


    give thanks for ... 感谢……;感恩……


    mix together ... 把……混在一起


    fill ... with ... 用……填满……


    cover ... with ... 用……覆盖……


    cut ... into pieces 将……切成片


    serve ... to sb. 为某人拿来……;用……招待某人


    at a very high temperature 在高温下


    rice noodles 米线
    one by one 逐一地


    Unit 9


    ❋ Section A ❋


    go to the / a doctor 去看医生


    prepare / study for an exam 备考


    have the flu 患流感


    last fall 去年秋天


    meet my friends 见我的朋友


    on Saturday afternoon 在星期六下午


    go to the movies 去看电影


    another time 其他时间;别的时间


    go bike riding骑自行车去玩


    hang out 闲逛;常去某处


    after school 放学后


    on the weekend 在周末


    visit my grandparents 拜访我的(外)祖父母


    practice the violin 练习小提琴


    ❋ Section B ❋


    the day after tomorrow 后天


    the day before yesterday 前天


    have a piano lesson 上钢琴课


    look after 照料;照顾


    take a trip 去旅行


    improve my English 提高我的英语


    the best way to do sth. 做某事的最佳方式


    at the end of 在……末尾


    turn down 拒绝


    help out (帮助……)分担工作、解决难题


    by now 到目前为止


    think of 认为;想起


    by this Friday 到这周五前


    prepare ... for ... 为……准备……


    look forward to doing sth. 盼望 / 期待做某事


    hear from 接到(某人的)信、电话等


    one of your favorite teachers 你最喜欢的老师之一


    invite sb. to ... 邀请某人参加……;邀请某人到……


    invite sb. to do sth. 邀请某人做某事


    reply to the invitation 回复邀请


    go to the concert 去听音乐会


    Unit 10


    ❋ Section A ❋


    go to the party 去参加聚会


    order food 订餐


    potato chips 炸土豆片;炸薯条


    stay at home 呆在家


    watch a video 看录像


    ask sb. to do sth. 叫某人做某事


    too ... to ... 太……而不能……


    give sb. sth. 给某人某物


    class meeting 班会


    take the bus to ... 乘公共汽车去……


    give sb. some advice 给某人提些建议


    have enough time to do sth. 有足够的时间做某事


    have a great time 玩得开心


    go to the movies 去看电影


    half the class 一半的学生


    ❋ Section B ❋


    go to college 上大学


    travel around the world 周游世界


    make a lot of money 赚许多钱


    get an education 接受教育


    get advice from ... 从……得到建议


    keep ... to oneself 保守秘密


    have problems with ... 在……方面有问题


    be afraid to do sth. 不敢做某事


    in the end 最后


    make mistakes 犯错


    run away from 躲开;回避


    try to do sth. 尽力做某事


    in half 分成两半


    be halfway to doing sth. 完成或做了事情的一部分


    agree with sb. 同意某人


    have a lot of experience 有丰富的经验


    visit an old people’s home 参观养老院


    travel to ... 去……旅游


    worry about ... 为……担忧


    人教八年级下册


    Unit 1


    ❋ Section A ❋


    have a cold / fever / nosebleed / stomachache / sore back / sore throat /


    heart problem


    感冒 / 发烧 / 流鼻血 / 胃痛 / 背疼 / 嗓子疼 / 有心脏病


    take breaks / take a break 休息


    right away 立即;马上


    lie down 躺下


    get into 陷入;参与


    get off 下车


    take one’s temperature 量体温


    to one’s surprise


    使……惊讶的;出乎……意料


    think twice 再三考虑


    put some medicine on the cut


    在伤口上敷点药


    get an X-ray 做X光检查


    in the same way 以相同的方式


    agree to do sth. 同意做某事


    thanks to 多亏;由于


    in time 及时


    fall down 突然倒下;跌倒;倒塌


    ❋ Section B ❋


    be used to (doing) sth.


    习惯于(做)某事;适应于(做)某事


    take risks / take a risk 冒险


    run out (of sth.) 用完(某物)


    cut off 切除


    give up 放弃


    get out of 离开;从……出来


    be in control of 掌管;管理


    rest for a few days 休息几天


    get sunburned 晒伤


    get hit on the head 头部受到撞击


    have problems breathing 呼吸困难


    get hit by a ball 被球击中


    lose one’s life 失去生命


    between a rock and a hard place


    左右为难;进退两难


    make a decision 做决定


    save one’s life 救某人的命


    Unit 2


    ❋ Section A ❋


    clean up 打扫(或清除)干净


    cheer up (使)变得更高兴;振奋起来


    give out 分发;散发


    put off 推迟


    come up with


    想出;提出(主意、计划、回答等)


    hand out 分发


    care for 照顾;非常喜欢


    call up 打电话给(某人);征召


    used to 曾经……;过去……


    try out 参加……选拔;试用


    help out (帮助……)分担工作;解决难题


    look of joy on one’s face


    某人脸上喜悦的表情


    at the age of ... 在……岁时


    go on a different journey


    进行一次不同的旅行


    by oneself 独自;单独


    give up 放弃


    a dream come true


    梦想成为现实;梦想成真


    volunteer to do sth. 自愿做某事


    at the same time 同时


    ❋ Section B ❋


    give away 赠送;捐赠


    take after (外貌或行为)像


    make a difference (to)


    (对……)影响;有作用


    fix up 修理;装饰


    be similar to 与……相像的、类似的


    answer the telephone 接电话


    at once 立刻;马上


    set up 建起;设立


    change my life 改变我的生活


    disabled people 残疾人


    be strong in 强项是……


    do the volunteer job 做志愿工作


    Unit 3


    ❋ Section A ❋


    take out the rubbish 倒垃圾


    all the time 频繁;反复 at least 至少


    as soon as 一……就……


    do the dishes 清洗餐具


    sweep the floor 扫地


    get a ride 搭便车


    fold one’s clothes 叠衣服


    make one’s bed 铺床


    throw down 扔下


    clean the living room 打扫客厅


    go out for dinner 外出就餐


    stay out late 在外呆到很晚


    in surprise 惊讶地


    do chores 做家务


    have a basketball game 举行一场篮球赛


    help out with sth. 帮助做某事


    watch this show 看这个表演


    take the dog for a walk 遛狗


    pass me the salt 把盐递给我


    lend me some money 借给我一些钱


    ❋ Section B ❋


    in order to 目的是;为了


    as a result 结果


    depend on 依靠;信赖


    fall ill 生病


    take care of 照顾;处理


    invite my friends to a party


    邀请我的朋友来参加聚会


    a waste of time 浪费时间


    spend ... on ...


    在……上花……(时间、金钱)


    get good grades 取得好成绩


    get into a good university


    进入一所好大学


    provide sth. for sb. 给某人提供某物


    mind doing sth. 介意做某事


    develop one’s independence


    培养某人的独立性


    teach them how to look after themselves


    教他们如何照顾自己


    understand the idea of fairness


    理解公平的概念


    learn to be independent 学会独立


    Unit 4


    ❋ Section A ❋


    look through 快速查看;浏览


    big deal 重要的事


    work out 成功地发展;解决


    get on with 和睦相处;关系良好


    allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事


    after-school classes 课外班


    get into a fight 参与 / 卷入打架中


    have a fight with ... 与……打架


    give sth. back 归还某物


    be angry with sb. 生某人的气


    refuse to do sth. 拒绝做某事


    offer to do sth. 提议或主动提出做某事


    mind sb. doing sth. 介意某人做某事


    communicate with sb. 和某人交流


    copy one’s homework 抄某人的作业


    be afraid of ... 害怕……


    speak in front of people


    在众人面前发言


    ❋ Section B ❋


    cut out 删除;删去


    compare ... with 比较;对比


    in one’s opinion 依……看


    compete with ... 和……竞争


    exam skills 考试技能


    get into a good high school


    上一所好高中


    have a quick dinner 迅速地吃晚饭


    push sb. so hard 把某人逼得太紧


    cause a lot of stress 造成许多压力


    give sb. a lot of pressure


    给某人施加很大压力


    join after-school activities


    参加课外活动


    from a young age 从很小的年龄起


    Unit 5


    ❋ Section A ❋


    go off (闹钟)发出响声


    wake up 醒来


    pick up (= pick up the phone) 接电话


    at first 起初;起先


    have a look 看一看


    fall asleep 进入梦乡;睡着


    die down 逐渐变弱;逐渐消失


    miss the bus 误了公共汽车


    wait for the bus 等公共汽车


    walk home 步行回家


    in a mess 一团糟


    take a hot shower 洗热水澡


    bring people closer together


    使人与人之间的关系更亲近


    beat heavily against the windows


    猛烈地敲打在窗户上


    play a card game 玩纸牌游戏


    leave the house 离开家


    clean up 打扫(或清除)干净


    turn on the radio 打开收音机


    take the car to the car wash


    把车送到洗车处


    You’re kidding! 你在开玩笑!


    ❋ Section B ❋


    make one’s way 前往;费力地前进


    in silence 沉默;无声


    point out 指出


    take down 拆除;往下拽;记录


    by the side of the road 在马路边


    walk by 走过;路过


    in history 史上


    hear the news 听到这个消息


    for example 例如


    tell the truth 说实话


    the rest of ... 剩余的……


    remember doing sth. 记得做了某事


    look out of the window 看窗外


    have trouble (in) doing sth.


    做某事有困难


    join a piano competition 参加钢琴比赛


    Unit 6


    ❋ Section A ❋


    a little bit 有点儿;稍微


    turn ... into 变成


    instead of 代替;反而


    get married 结婚


    once upon a time 从前


    fall in love with 爱上……;喜欢上……


    work on 从事(某工作);致力于


    as soon as 一……就……


    continue to move the mountains 继续移山


    take away 拿走


    try to do sth. 设法做某事


    a good way to solve his problem


    解决他的问题的一个好办法


    agree with 同意;赞同


    for example 例如


    build a road 修一条路


    give up 放弃


    be able to do sth. 能够做某事


    for the first time 首次;第一次


    main character 主要角色


    in fact确切地说;事实上;实际上


    look like 看起来像


    think of 认为;想起


    fight bad people 与坏人作斗争


    come out 出来;出版


    become interested in ... 对……变得感兴趣


    help the weak 帮助弱者


    one of the most popular stories


    最受欢迎的故事之一


    all over the world 全世界


    be new to ... 初见的;不熟悉的


    ❋ Section B ❋


    live near a forest 住在森林附近


    the whole family 全家


    wake up 醒来


    make a plan 制订计划


    in the moonlight 在月光下


    along the way 沿着这条路


    go out 外出(娱乐)


    get lost 迷路


    look at the moon 赏月


    on the ground 在地上


    find out 查明;弄清


    never mind (用于安慰)没关系


    lead sb. to ... 带领某人去……


    made of由……制成的


    change his plan 改变他的计划


    Unit 7


    ❋ Section A ❋


    feel free (to do sth.) (可以)随便(做某事)


    as far as I know 就我所知


    take in 吸入;吞入(体内)


    in the face of 面对(问题、困难等)


    even though / even if 即使;虽然


    the Pacific Ocean 太平洋


    square meters 平方米


    salt lakes 咸水湖


    the biggest population 最多的人口


    risk one’s life 冒着生命危险


    one of the main reasons 主要原因之一


    challenge oneself 挑战自我


    achieve one’s dream 实现某人的梦想


    the forces of nature 大自然的力量


    ❋ Section B ❋


    at birth 出生时


    die from 死于


    walk into 走路时撞着


    up to到达(某数量、程度等);至多有;不多于


    with excitement 兴奋地


    prepare ... for ... 为……准备……


    or so 大约


    fall over 绊倒


    take care of 照顾;处理


    in fact 确切地说;事实上;实际上


    cut down 砍倒


    do research 做研究


    a symbol of China 中国的象征


    send ... to ... 派……到……


    stop putting rubbish into the sea


    停止向海里倒垃圾


    in danger 处于危险之中


    protect ... from ...


    保护……不受……的侵害


    be special to ... 对……很重要


    spend ... doing sth. 花费……做某事


    Unit 8


    ❋ Section A ❋


    full of 满是……的;(有)大量的;(有)丰富的


    hurry up 赶快;急忙(做某事)


    science fiction 科幻小说(或影片等)


    grow up 长大;成熟;成长


    put down 放下


    at least 至少


    lose one’s life 丧生


    write a book report 写读书报告


    wait for 等待;等候


    build a house 盖房子


    arrive on this island 到达这个岛上


    cut down trees 砍伐树木


    give up放弃


    the marks of ... ……的迹象


    not long after that 那之后不久


    try to do sth. 试图做某事


    one ... the other ... 一个……,另外一个……


    a piece of land 一块地


    be interested in ... 对……感兴趣


    can’t wait to do sth. 迫不及待地想做某事


    ❋ Section B ❋


    ever since 自从


    one another 互相


    used to do sth. 过去常常做某事


    fight over sth. with sb. 因某事和某人争辩


    come to realize 逐渐意识到


    belong to 属于


    country music 乡村音乐


    such as例如;像……这样


    do some research on ...


    做一些关于……的研究


    one of the most successful musicians in American history


    美国历史上最成功的音乐家之一


    sing live 现场演唱


    the number of ... ……的数量


    introduce ... to ... 把……介绍给……


    at the end of ... 在……结尾;在……末端


    join ... club 加入……俱乐部


    take French classes 上法语课


    bring sb. back to ... 把某人带回到……


    Unit 9


    ❋ Section A ❋


    space museum / history museum / art museum


    太空博物馆 / 历史博物馆 / 美术博物馆


    water park 水上公园


    tea art 茶艺


    amusement park 游乐场


    lead to 导致


    a couple of 两个;一对;几个


    take the subway 乘地铁


    camp in the mountains 在山里宿营


    put up a tent 搭一顶帐篷


    in such a rapid way 以如此快速的方式


    in the future 将来


    go skating 去溜冰


    couldn’t believe my eyes


    不敢相信我的眼睛


    different kinds of 不同种类的


    encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某人做某事


    collect tea sets 收集茶具


    ❋ Section B ❋


    thousands of 数以千计的;许许多多的


    take a holiday 度假


    on the one hand ... on the other hand ...


    一方面……另一方面……


    an English-speaking country


    一个讲英语的国家


    whether ... or ... 不管……还是……


    during the daytime 白天期间


    all year round 全年
    close to 接近


    Unit 10


    ❋ Section A ❋


    yard sale 庭院拍卖会


    a bit 有点儿


    bring back sweet memories


    唤起甜蜜的回忆


    give away 赠送;捐赠


    people in need 需要帮助的人


    toy bear / lion / tiger 玩具熊 / 狮子 / 老虎


    soft toy 软体玩具;布绒玩具


    a couple of 两个;一对;几个


    give up 放弃


    no longer 不再;不复


    for a while 一会儿


    clear out 清理;丢掉


    check out 察看;观察


    for example 例如


    board game 棋类游戏


    at first 起初;起先


    grow up 长大;成熟;成长


    as for 至于;关于


    bread maker 面包机


    junior high school 初级中学


    part with 放弃、交出(尤指不舍得的东西)


    to be honest 说实在


    one of the oldest buildings


    最古老的建筑之一


    ❋ Section B ❋


    concert hall 音乐厅


    search for work 找工作


    at least 至少;不少于;起码


    millions of 大量


    in order to 目的是;为了


    for the last ... years 在过去的……年里


    It’s a shame. 很遗憾。


    regard ... with great interest


    兴趣浓厚地看待……


    since the mid-20th century


    自从二十世纪中期以来


    used to do sth. 过去常常做某事


    according to 依据;按照


    look for 寻找;寻求


    close to 几乎;接近


    a symbol of ... ……的标志


    across from在……对面


    in one’s opinion 依……看


    本文作者:英语教育专家蔡章兵,转载本文请注明作者出处~

    标签:英语八级短语

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